Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
‘Somewhere, something incredible is waiting to be known’ ― Carl Sagan (astronomer)
Science helps to develop children’s curiosity, perseverance, ability to reflect and think!
In KS1 science, your child will be learning about the importance of asking questions, gathering evidence, carrying out experiments and looking at different ways of presenting their results.
Your child will learn to use the following methods, processes and skills:
asking questions (for example, ‘What would happen if I didn’t give a plant water?’)
observing closely, using simple equipment such as a magnifying glass
identifying and classifying
using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions
gathering and recording data to help in answering questions
As part of the Understanding the World Framework:
children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools
they select and use technology for particular purposes.
Year 1 will learn about:
Plants, identifying and naming plants and looking at their basic structure
Animals including humans, identifying and naming a range of animals and understanding how and why they are grouped (e.g. mammals, birds, amphibians etc)
Everyday materials, looking at their properties
Seasonal changes, observing changes across the four seasons and looking at different types of weather
Year 2 will learn about:
Living things and habitats, including dependence within habitats and micro-habitats
Plants, observing how seeds and bulbs grow into plants and what plants need to stay healthy
Animals including humans, focusing on reproduction, nutrition and exercise
Everyday materials, comparing their uses and looking at how they can be changed by exerting force
Help your child at home
Show your child plants or pictures of plants, such as apple trees, tomato plants, sweet corn, and cabbages and ask them why it is important for humans to grow plants.
Plant seeds at home. Talk about the things plants need to grow, such as soil, water, light and air. Help them to observe the changes as the plants begin to grow.
Do you have a pet? Help your child to point out the similarities between animals and humans. Do we both have arms, legs, eyes, ears and a nose? Do we both need food, water and sleep?
Talk to your child about sources of light. Walk around your environment and point them out: timer switches, clock radio, computer, lamp, light bulb, street lamps, the sun and moon. Which are bright or dim?
Link science to real life. Talk about how things were in the past and how scientific advances have brought changes. Share books that show non-electrical or old household appliances.
Give your child a collection of items made from different materials – paper, cardboards, plastics, metals – and ask them to find different ways of grouping them (rough, smooth, shiny, dull or plastic, metal, wood, fabric).
Point out materials that are found naturally and those that are not (twigs, unpolished/unfinished wood, sand, rocks, water, bone, clay, wool, glass, plastic, paper, cardboard). Ask your child to try sorting the materials into those they thinks are found naturally.
Talk to your child about how natural materials are changed to make everyday objects. Use resources to help your child learn about the processes involved.